Sioux. What comes to mind when hear this word? Sioux Falls? Sioux river? Sioux tribes? You have probably have never heard this term in your life time. Well, I am writing this blog to break it down for you. A few years ago, I was having Thankgiving with my husbands family and they were asking me all these questions about the tribes of South Dakota. Like I was some type of history book. I do not like to speak much my heritage, why? Because of the rumors. The rumors that people have heard. The stereotypes , the drugs and the poverty. The suicide rates and the hatred. The hatred to hate people of different color, judge people of different color, because they were treated wrong. I am going to break down the REAL HISTORY. The HISTORY that should be taught about the tribes of South Dakota. Not the stereotypes and the drugs and violence that you see on T.V. I am here to tell you the real History, the History of the tribes and how they came to be. The positives and Negatives. Why they fight to day to be who they want to be. They are the proud people of the Sioux. Let us begin…
According to the Tribal Relations of South Dakota, there are nine tribes all together. NINE TRIBES! in the tiny tiny state of South Dakota. Imagine splitting land up just to fit these tribes in South Dakota, do you think this is possible? These nine tribes are labeled as “Sioux”, but they are completely different from each other. Here let me break it down for you:
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe hey are located at the top of South Dakota near the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe. The Cheyenne River tribe has a long history in South Dakota. According to aktalakota.stjo.org , the Cheyenne Reservation was apart of the Great Sioux Nation under the treaty of 1868. The area occupied by the Sioux under names as Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota. The Cheyenne River reservation has over 900 herd of buffalo and is located near the top of the South Dakota and North Dakota Border by the Missouri River.
The next Sioux tribe is called the Crow creek Tribe, it is located in the central portion of South Dakota by Chamberlain, South Dakota. The Crow creek tribe consists of many farmers and ranchers. In 1887, the United Stated ended up reclaiming a huge portion of their land known as the Black Hills. This has caused hatred between the united states government and the tribes. The hatred has been passed down from the generation to generation with no appeal or changes. This hatred is formed, which is one of the many causes to drinking and financial issues.
The third tribe, Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, This is an interesting one here, they had a lot of history with the United States. This tribe fought back for many years to keep their rights and their land. With that said, this brings us back to the boarding school years of the Sioux tribes. The first boarding school was established on the Santee land. I will create another blog on this topic later , but many children were kidnapped from their homes and forced to speak and dress in “English” style in this time. It was a huge event their history that is still affects many people today.
The Fourth Tribe, Lower Brule Sioux Tribe, this tribe is located near the Crow creek tribe in Central South Dakota. This tribe was formed after the Indian War in the 1870s. The United States divided the tribes in to different tribes, hence how Lower Brule was formed. They were the expert horseman and Buffalo Hunters of their time. They are now the number one nations popcorn producers ( Fun fact, I guess) I don’t know, every time I eat popcorn I have never really thought about the history of it.. uh.
The Fifth tribe, Oglala Sioux Tribe, or also known as “Pine Ridge” which is one of the reservations that I grew up on. It is located near the Nebraska and Wyoming border. This tribe went through years of fighting for their land like many tribes before them. From wars to deaths to boarding schools, the Oglala Sioux tribe seems to find away to hold on and fight for more. Fight for their land and their rights. The legends and stories are created from their experiences. I will go more detail in the legends and stories, from mother earth to the creation of the dream catchers later in another blog. Despite the rumors this tribe, they are wonderful farmers.
The Sixth Tribe, Rosebud Sioux Tribe, which I was born into and registered at.